MALTS * HOPS * YEASTS * RECIPES * CLONES * LINKS * CAB
Hops are the female flower clusters (commonly called seed cones or strobiles), of a hop species, Humulus lupulus. They are used primarily as a flavoring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart a bitter, tangy flavor, though hops are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine.
Hops were cultivated continuously around the 8th or 9th century AD in Bohemian gardens in the Hallertau district of Bavaria and other parts of Europe. However, the first documented use of hops in beer as a bittering agent is from the eleventh century. Before this period, brewers used a wide variety of bitter herbs and flowers, including dandelion, burdock root, marigold, horehound (the German name for horehound means 'mountain hops'), ground ivy, and heather. Hops are used extensively in brewing for their many purported benefits, including balancing the sweetness of the malt with bitterness, contributing a variety of desirable flavors and aromas, and having an antibiotic effect that favors the activity of brewer's yeast over less desirable microorganisms. Historically, it is believed that traditional herb combinations for ales were abandoned when it was noticed that ales made with hops were less prone to spoilage.

the hop plant is a vigorous climbing herbaceous perennial, usually trained to grow up strings in a field called a hopfield, hop garden, or hop yard when grown commercially. Many different types of hops are grown by farmers around the world, with different types being used for particular styles of beer.
Name:
Alpha Acid %:
Typical Beer Styles:
General Usage:
Possible Substitutions:
Flavor Description:
Admiral
14.75%
Ale
Bittering
Target, Northdown, Challenger ...
Known for its bittering potent ...
Ahtanum
5.0%
Lagers, American ales
Finishing
...
Used for its' aromatic propert ...
Amarillo
8.5%
Ale, IPA
Dual Purpose
Cascade, Centennial ...
A new US variety with a citrus ...
Bramling Cross
6%
ESB, bitter, pale ale
Dual Purpose
Kent Goldings, Progress, WGV ( ...
Quite mild, fruity currant aro ...
Brewers Gold
7.75%
English ale
Dual Purpose
Bullion ...
Bittering hop with neutral aro ...
Brewers Gold (German)
6.5%
Ale, heavier German-style lagers
Dual Purpose
Northdown, Northern Brewer, Ga ...
Black currant, fruity, spicy. ...
Bullion
8%
IPA, ESB, stout
Dual Purpose
Columbus, Northern Brewer, Ger ...
Common bittering hop from the ...
Cascade
6%
Pale ale, IPA, porter, barley wine
Dual Purpose
Centennial, Amarillo, possibly ...
Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and ...
Centennial
10%
All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer
Dual Purpose
Cascade, possibly Columbus ...
Centennial is an extremely pop ...
Challenger
7.5%
English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
Dual Purpose
Perle (US) or Perle (German), ...
Mild-moderate, quite spicy. ...
Chinook
12%
Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager
Bittering
Nugget, Columbus, Northern Bre ...
Mild-medium-heavy, spicy, pine ...
Cluster
7%
Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager)
Dual Purpose
Galena ...
Medium and quite spicy. Americ ...
Columbus
13.5%
IPA, pale ale, stout
Bittering
Nugget, Chinook, UK Target, No ...
Pleasant, with pungent aroma. ...
Crystal
3.5%
Lager, pilsner, ESB
Finishing
Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French ...
Mild and pleasant, spicy and f ...
Eroica
10.5%
Wheat
Bittering
Galena, Nugget, Chinook ...
Strong but pleasant aroma. ...
First Gold (UK)
7.5%
Ale, ESB
Dual Purpose
Kent Goldings (UK) , maybe Cry ...
A little like Goldings family; ...
Fuggle (UK)
4.75%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager
Dual Purpose
Fuggle (US), Willamette, Styri ...
Classic English aroma hop. Use ...
Fuggle (US)
4.75%
Any English-style beer or American ale
Dual Purpose
Fuggle (UK), Willamette, Styri ...
Classic aroma hop. Use in pal ...
Galena
12%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
Bittering
Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chi ...
Medium but pleasant hoppy flav ...
Goldings (US)
5%
Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer
Finishing
UK Goldings, Whitbread Golding ...
Mild, extremely pleasant, and ...
Hallertauer (US)
4.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Finishing
Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tr ...
Classic German hop with a mild ...
Hallertauer Gold
6%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Finishing
Crystal, Mt. Hood ...
Known for its aromatic propert ...
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
4%
Lager, bock, wheat, pilsner
Finishing
Liberty, German Tradition, Ult ...
An early-ripening Hallertau, r ...
Hallertauer Tradition (German)
4.5%
Mild-flavored beers
Finishing
Crystal, Liberty ...
Known for its aromatic propert ...
Hersbrucker (German)
4.75%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Finishing
Mt. Hood, French Strisslespalt ...
Appropriate in any lager, rega ...
Horizon
12.5%
Ale, lager
Bittering
Magnum or a high-alpha hop ...
Pleasantly hoppy. ...
Kent Goldings (UK)
4.75%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter
Finishing
Kent Goldings (US), Whitbread ...
Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant ...
Kent Goldings (US)
Kent Goldings (UK) ...
...
Liberty
4.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Finishing
Finishing Hallertauer Traditio ...
Very spicy American substitute ...
Magnum
14%
All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout
Bittering
Northern Brewer (US) ...
Spicy, citrusy, super-high alp ...
Mt. Hood
5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Finishing
Crystal, French Strisslespalt ...
American substitute for Haller ...
Nelson Sauvin
12.5%
American Pale Ale, American IPA
Dual Purpose
...
It has a strong fruity flavor ...
Northdown (UK)
8.5%
All ales, porter
Bittering
...
Fruity with some spiciness. ...
Northern Brewer (German)
8.5%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter
Dual Purpose
Chinook ...
High alpha acid Hallertau vari ...
Northern Brewer (UK)
Northern Brewer (US) ...
...
Northern Brewer (US)
8%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer
Dual Purpose
Nugget, Chinook ...
High alpha acid Hallertau vari ...
Northwest Goldings
4.5%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
Finishing
...
Known for aromatic properties. ...
Olympic
12%
Bittering
Chinook ...
Mild-medium, citrusy aroma, sp ...
Perle (German)
7.25%
Pale ale, porter, lager
Dual Purpose
Perle (US), Northern Brewer (U ...
Moderately intense, good and h ...
Perle (US)
7.75%
Pale ale, porter, German styles
Dual Purpose
Northern Brewer (US), Cluster, ...
Bittering hop of German origin ...
Phoenix (UK)
4.8%
All ales
Dual Purpose
UK Northdown, Kent Goldings (U ...
similar to Challenger (UK). ...
Pioneer (UK)
9%
Ale, ESB
Dual Purpose
Kent Goldings (UK) ...
A mild, typical English aroma. ...
Polish Lublin
3.75%
Pilsner
Finishing
US Saaz, Saaz (Czech), Tettnan ...
Mild and typical of noble arom ...
Pride of Ringwood (Australia)
8.5%
Australian lager
Dual Purpose
Galena, Cluster ...
Quite pronounced, woody, earth ...
Progress (UK)
6.25%
Ale, bitter, ESB, porter
Dual Purpose
Kent Goldings (UK) , Fuggle (U ...
Moderately strong, good aroma. ...
Saaz (Czech)
3.75%
Pilsner
Finishing
US Saaz, Polish Lublin ...
Very distinctive, floral aroma ...
Saaz (US)
4%
Pilsner, lager, wheat
Finishing
Saaz (Czech), Polish Lublin ...
Very distinctive, floral aroma ...
Santiam
6.5%
Lager, American ale, pilsner
Dual Purpose
Tettnanger (German), Spalt (Ge ...
Noble characteristics ...
Satus
13.25%
Dual Purpose
Galena ...
Known for its bittering and ar ...
Simcoe
13%
Dual Purpose
...
A bittering and aromatic hop. ...
Spalt (German)
4.75%
Lager
Finishing
Saaz (US), Tettnanger (US) , G ...
Pleasant, slightly spicy aroma ...
Sterling
7.5%
Lager, ale, pilsner
Dual Purpose
Saaz (US), Polish Lublin ...
Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, ...
Strisslespalt (France)
4%
Pilsner, lager, wheat
Finishing
Mt. Hood, Crystal, Hersbrucker ...
Medium intensity, pleasant, ho ...
Styrian Goldings (Slovenia)
5.25%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager
Dual Purpose
Fuggle (US), Fuggle (UK), Will ...
Delicate, slightly spicy. Appr ...
Target (UK
11%
All ale and lager
Bittering
Fuggle (US), Willamette ...
Pleasant English hop aroma, qu ...
Tettnanger (German)
4.5%
Lager, ale
Finishing
Spalt (German), German Spalt S ...
Mild and pleasant, slightly sp ...
Tettnanger (US)
4.5%
German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat
Finishing
Spalt (German), Saaz (Czech), ...
An aromatic hop, mild and slig ...
Tomahawk
16%
Ale
Bittering
Columbus ...
Primarily a bittering hop. ...
Tradition (German)
6%
Lager, pilsner
Finishing
Hersbrucker, Hallertauer Mitte ...
Very fine and similar to Halle ...
Ultra
3%
Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales
Finishing
Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition ...
Very good-outstanding, some Sa ...
Vanguard
5%
Finishing
Saaz (US), Hallertauer Mittelf ...
Aroma similar to continental E ...
Warrior
16%
Ale, stout
Bittering
Nugget ...
A bittering and aromatic hop. ...
WGV (Whitbread Goldings Variety) (UK)
6%
Ale
Dual Purpose
Kent Goldings (UK) , UK Progre ...
Quite pleasant and hoppy, mode ...
Willamette
4.75%
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout
Dual Purpose
Fuggle (US), Tettnanger (US) , ...
Mild and pleasant, slightly sp ...
Yakima Cluster
7.75%
Bittering
...
Used as a kettle hop for bitte ...
Zeus
15%
Bittering
Columbus ...
Aromatic and pleasant. ...